Introduction to Medical Microbiology

Exam #4 Study Guide

 

 

Skin and Eye Infections (see chapter questions 4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14)

1. Acne: causative agent, brief description of disease, Cystic Acne

2. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors and brief description of each of the diseases (not treatment)

3. Gas gangrene: causative agent, description of disease, treatment

4. Chicken pox: causative agent, description of rash, Shingles, transmission, Congenital Varicella Syndrome, prevention/treatment

5. Smallpox: causative agent, transmission, description of rash, prevention

6. Measles: transmission, KoplikÕs spots, description of rash, secondary infections, SSPE, prevention

7. Rubella: transmission, 2 types, prevention

8. Fifth Disease: causative agent, description of rash

9. Roseola: causative agent, description of disease

10. Warts: causative agent, description of disease, transmission, 3 types, treatment

11. Molluscum contagiosum: causative agent, description of lesions, transmission

12. Leishmaniasis: causative agent, transmission, 3 types

13. Fungal Skin Diseases: Dermatophytes, causative agents, 7 types

* Know the answers to the questions in the Self-directed Study of Conjunctivitis, Trachoma, Keratitis, and River blindness.

 

 

Diseases of the Nervous System (see 1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,13,14,15)

1. Meningitis: general characteristics of Meningitis and descriptions/hallmark features of the different causes (Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeria monocytogenes, Cryptococcus neoformans, Coccidioides immitis, Viral meningitis, and 3 organisms that cause Neonatal Meningitis)

2. Meningoencephalitis: 2 types of protozoans and how they are transmitted, PAM, and GAM

3. Acute Encephalitis:  general symptoms and causative agent, transmission, and 5 examples of Epidemic Encephalitis

4. Toxoplasmosis: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

5. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies: causative agent, description of agent and disease, 3 human diseases, 3 animal diseases

6. Rabies: description of disease, transmission, description of the 3 phases/forms, treatment

7. Polio: description of disease, transmission, Bulbar Poliomyelitis, PPS, prevention

8. Tetanus: causative agent, transmission, Tetanospasmin, prevention/treatment

9. Botulism – causative agent, Botulinum toxin, 3 types, treatment

10. African sleeping sickness: causative agent, transmission, description of disease, Antigenic shift

           

 

Diseases of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems (see 1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10,11,13,14,15)

1. Endocarditis: general characteristics of Endocarditis and descriptions/causative agents of Acute endocarditis and Subacute endocarditis

2. Gram-negative septicemia: Endotoxic shock and DIC

3. Plague: causative agent and virulence factors, transmission, descriptions of the 3 types, prevention

4. Tularemia: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

5. Lyme disease: causative agent, transmission, Erythema Migrans, complications

6. Anthrax: causative agent and virulence factors, transmission, 4 types

7. Infectious mononucleosis: causative agent, transmission, description of disease, 3 associated malignancies

8. Hemorrhagic Fever Diseases: general description and causative agents/transmission of Yellow Fever, Dengue Fever, Chickungunya, Ebola and Marburg, and Lassa Fever

9. Nonhemorrhagic Fever Diseases: causative agents, transmission, and description of disease for Brucellosis, Q fever, Cat-scratch disease, and Trench Fever

10. Rocky mountain spotted fever: causative agent, transmission, description of rash, complications

11. Ehrlichiosis: causative agents, transmission, description of disease

12. Chagas Disease: causative agent, transmission, Chagoma

13. Malaria: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

14. AIDS: causative agent, description of disease, cause of death, transmission, treatment

 

 

Diseases of the Respiratory System (see 1,2,4,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14)

1. Common cold: causative agents

2. Sinusitis: description of disease, bacterial and fungal causes

3. Otitis media: description of disease, causative agents, treatments

4. Pharyngitis: description and transmission of Pharyngitis, 3 complications of Steptococcus pyogenes, 1 complication from Fusobacterium necrophorum

5. Diptheria: causative agent, Diptheria exotoxin, description of disease, prevention

6. Whooping cough: causative agent, description of the 3 stages, virulence factors, cause of death, prevention

7. Respiratory Syncytial Virus: description of disease

8. Influenza: causative agents, antigenic drift, antigenic shift, cause of death, prevention

9. Tuberculosis: causative agent, description of the 3 stages, treatment, resistance

10. Pneumonia: general characteristics of Pneumonia and descriptions/hallmark features of the different causes of Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Legionella pneumophila, Histoplasma capsulatum, and Pneumocystis jiroveci)

11. Nosocomial Pneumonia:  cause and prevention

12. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: transmission, ARDS

 

 

Gastrointestinal Tract Diseases (see 3,6,7,8,11,12,13,14)

1. Dental caries, Periodontal disease, and Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis: causative agents           and description of diseases

2. Mumps: description of disease, complications, transmission, prevention

3. Gastritis: description of disease, causative agent, complications

4. Acute Diarrhea: general description of disease, treatment

5. Salmonellosis: causative agent, transmission

6. Typhoid fever: causative agent, complications, treatment

7. Shigellosis: causative agent and infectious dose, Shiga toxin, HUS

8. Shiga-Toxin-Producing E. coli: causative agent, description of disease, Shiga-like toxins, transmission

9. Campylobacteriosis: causative agent, transmission, Guillain-Barre Syndrome

10. Clostridium difficile: description of disease, treatment

11. Cholera: causative agent, Cholera toxin, description of disease, transmission, treatment

12. Cryptosporidiosis: causative agent, transmission

13. Rotaviruses: transmission, prevention

14. Norovirus: transmission

15. Acute Diarrhea with Vomiting: general descriptions of disease and routes of transmission of 3 exotoxins

16. Chronic Diarrhea: general description of Chronic Diarrhea and causative agents/transmission of Cyclosporiasis, Giardiasis, and Amoebiasis.

17. Hepatitis: general description of Hepatitis and transmission, complications, and prevention/treatment for 4 Hepatitis viruses

 

 

Diseases of the Genitourinary System (see 1,3,4,5,6,11,12,13)

1. Urinary Tract Infection: Cystitis, description of disease, Pyelonephritis, causative agents

2. Leptospirosis: causative agent, descriptions of the 2 phases, transmission

3. Bacterial Vaginosis and Yeast Infection: causative agent, description of disease

4. Gonorrhea: causative agent and virulence factors, description of disease and complications, Opthalmia neonatorum, resistance

5. Chlamydia: causative agent, description of disease and complications, risk to newborns, Lymphogranuloma venereum

6. Trichomoniasis: causative agent, description of disease

7. Syphilis: causative agent, descriptions of the 3 stages, Congenital Syphilis

8. Chancroid: causative agent, description of disease

9. Genital Herpes: causative agents, description of disease, latency, complications, treatment

10. Genital warts: causative agent, description of disease, complications, prevention, treatment