Introduction to Medical Microbiology

Exam #4 Study Guide

 

 

Skin and Eye Infections (see chapter questions 4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14)

1. Acne: causative agent, description of disease, Cystic Acne

2. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes: descriptions of bacteria, virulence factors, and each of the diseases (not treatment)

3. Gas gangrene: causative agent, description of disease, treatment

4. Chicken pox: causative agent, description of rash, Shingles, transmission, Congenital Varicella 5. Syndrome, prevention/treatment

6. Smallpox: causative agent, transmission, description of rash, prevention

7. Measles: transmission, KoplikÕs spots, description of rash, secondary infections, SSPE, prevention

8. Rubella: transmission, 2 types, prevention

9. Fifth Disease: causative agent, description of rash

10. Roseola: causative agent, description of disease

11. Warts: causative agent, description of disease, transmission, 3 types, treatment

12. Molluscum contagiosum: causative agent, description of lesions, transmission

13. Leishmaniasis: causative agent, transmission, 3 types

14. Fungal Skin Diseases: Dermatophytes, causative agents, 8 types

* Know the answers to the questions in the Self-directed Study of Conjunctivitis, Trachoma, Keratitis, and River blindness.

 

 

Diseases of the Nervous System (see 1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,13,14,15)

1. Meningitis: general characteristics of Meningitis and descriptions of the different causes (Meningococcal, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Listeriosis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Coccidioides immitis, Viral, and Neonatal Meningitis)

2. Meningoencephalitis: know 2 types of protozoans and how they are transmitted, PAM

3. Acute Encephalitis:  general symptoms and causative agent, transmission, and 5 examples of Epidemic Encephalitis

4. Toxoplasmosis: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

5. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies: causative agent, description of agent and disease, 3 human diseases, 3 animal diseases

6. Rabies: description of disease, transmission, Acute Neurological Phase, treatment

7. Polio: description of disease, transmission, Bulbar Poliomyelitis, PPS, prevention

8. Tetanus: causative agent, transmission, Tetanospasmin, prevention/treatment

9. Botulism – causative agent, Botulinum toxin, 3 types, treatment

10. African sleeping sickness: causative agent, transmission, description of disease, Antigenic shift

             

 

Diseases of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems (see 2,3,4,5,6,10,11,13,14,15)

1. Endocarditis: general characteristics of Endocarditis and descriptions/causative agents of Acute endocarditis, Subacute endocarditis, and Gram-negative septicemia

2. Plague: causative agent and virulence factors, transmission, 3 types, prevention/treatment

3. Tularemia: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

4. Lyme disease: causative agent, Erythema Migrans, complications

5. Infectious mononucleosis: causative agent, transmission, description of disease, 3 associated malignancies

6. Hemorrhagic Fever Diseases: general description and causative agents/transmission of Yellow Fever, Dengue Fever, Chickungunya, Ebola and Marburg,  and Lassa Fever

7. Nonhemorrhagic Fever Diseases: causative agents, transmission, and description of disease for Brucellosis, Q fever, Cat-scratch disease, and Trench Fever

8. Rocky mountain spotted fever: causative agent, transmission, description of rash, complications

9. Malaria: causative agent, transmission, description of disease

10. Anthrax: causative agent and virulence factors, transmission, 4 types

11. AIDS: causative agent, description of disease, cause of death, transmission, treatment

 

 

Diseases of the Respiratory System (see 1,2,4,6,8,9,11,12,14)

1. Common cold: causative agents

2. Sinusitis: description of disease, bacterial and fungal causes

3. Otitis media: description of disease, causative agents, treatments

4. Streptococcal pharyngitis: causative agent, description of disease, 4 complications

5. Diptheria: causative agent, Diptheria exotoxin, Pseudomembrane, prevention/treatment

6. Pertussis (Whooping cough): causative agent, 3 stages, virulence factors, cause of death, prevention

7. Respiratory Syncytial Virus: description of disease

8. Influenza: cause and reason for epidemics, cause of death, prevention

9. Tuberculosis: causative agent, 3 stages, treatment

10. Pneumonia: general characteristics of Pneumonia and descriptions of the different causes (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae,  Hantavirus, Histoplasma capsulatum, Pneumocystis jiroveci, and Klebsiella pneumoniae)

 

 

Gastrointestinal Tract Diseases (see 2,3,5,6,7,8,12,13,14)

1. Dental caries, Periodontal disease, and Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis: causative agents and description of diseases

2. Mumps: description of disease, complications, transmission, prevention

3. Cold sores: causative agent, description of disease, Herpetic Whitlow

4. Gastritis: description of disease, causative agent, complications

5. Salmonellosis and Typhoid fever: causative agent, transmission, treatment

6. Shigellosis: causative agent and infectious dose, Shiga toxin, HUS

7. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli: description of disease, Shiga-like toxins, transmission (also general description of Enterotoxigenic, Enteroinvasive, and Enteropathogenic E. coli)

8. Campylobacteriosis: causative agent, transmission

9. Clostridium difficile: description of disease

10. Cholera: causative agent, Cholera toxin, description of disease, transmission, treatment

11. Cryptosporidiosis: causative agent, transmission

12. Rotaviruses: transmission, prevention

13. Acute Diarrhea with Vomiting: general descriptions of diseases caused by 2 exotoxins

14. Chronic Diarrhea: general description of Chronic Diarrhea and causative agents/transmission of Cyclosporiasis, Giardiasis, and Amoebiasis.

15. Hepatitis: general description of Hepatitis and transmission, complications, and prevention/treatment for 4 Hepatitis viruses

 

 

Diseases of the Genitourinary System (see 1,3,4,5,6,12,13)

1. Bacterial Cystitis: description of disease, Pyelonephritis, causative agent

2. Leptospirosis: causative agent, 2 phases, transmission

3. Bacterial vaginosis and Yeast Infection: causative agent, description of disease

4. Gonorrhea: causative agent and virulence factors, description of disease and complications, Opthalmia neonatorum, resistance

5. Chlamydia: causative agent, description of disease and complications, risk to newborns, Lymphogranuloma venereum

6. Trichomoniasis: causative agent, description of disease

7. Syphilis: causative agent, 3 stages, Congenital Syphilis

8. Chancroid: description of disease, causative agent

9. Genital Herpes: causative agent, description of disease and complications, treatment

10. Genital warts: causative agent, description of disease, Cervical cancer: