Structures and Function



Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption



Functions of Glucose and Other Sugars



Functions of Dietary Fiber



Recommended Carbohydrate Intakes



Food Sweeteners (Nutritive and alternative sweeteners)


Are carbohydrates addictive?

Scientific studies have revealed that people who have higher BMI's have decreased "pleasure" receptors in the brain and require more stimuli such as sugar (and alcohol, certain ilicit drugs, etc...) to cause dopamine/seratonin release and produce pleasure. Furtermore, most carbohydrates have only been in the diet in the last couple hundred years and absent in the diet more than 10,000 years ago. Therefore, increased exposure to carbohydrates have shifted our production and consumption of foods as well as increased incidence of certain disorders such as obesity.

Blood Glucose levels