Access to Nutritious Food

Food Security and Food Insecurity

USDA defines...

Food security as: “…The ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods… and assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways (that is, without resorting to emergency food supplies, scavenging, stealing, or other coping strategies)”

Food insecurity as:  “…The limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.”

USDA measurement or levels of food security/food insecurity:

1.    High food security – Households that have no problems, or anxiety about, consistently accessing adequate food.
2.    Marginal food security – Households that have problems at times, or anxiety about, accessing adequate food, but the quality, variety, and quantity of their food intake were not substantially reduced.
3.    Low food security – Households that may have reduced the quality, variety, and desirability of their diets, but the quantity of food intake and normal eating patterns were not substantially disrupted.
4.    Very low food security – Periodically, eating patterns of one or more household members are disrupted and food intake reduced because the household lacked money and other resources for food.

Question: What is/are the impact(s) of food insecurity on the individual, family, and community?

Question: Why would the USDA not measure hunger?

Governmental Nutritional Assistance Porgrams:
Question: What is/are the eligibility requirement(s) for each of these programs?

Question: What is/are/ the barrier(s) to file for assistance programs?

Question: Where is there a higher prevelance of food insecurity and why?

Food Desert

In general, a food desert is defined by low access to a healthy food retail outlet and low access is defined as more than 1 mile from a supermarket or large grocery store in urban areas and as more than 10 miles from a supermarket or large grocery store in rural areas

Food Desert Locator: USDA Locator

Question: What factors other than distance can affect access?

What is the relationship between limited access and health related issues?
Food Supply

Factors affecting food supply:
Question: What will the future look like?