Study Guide for Music Appreciation Test #1

 

Melody                                                                    solfeggio

Pitch                                                                         a capella

Range                                                                       Gregorian Chant

Conjunct                                                                 Neumes

Disjunct                                                                   Syllabic

Rhythm                                                                   Neumatic

Simple Meters                                                      Melismatic

Compound Meters                                             Mass

Syncopation                                                          Mass Ordinary (5)

Harmony                                                                Council of Trent 

Tonality                                                                  Leonin

Scales (Tonic and Dominant)                                    Perotin

Major                                                                       Organum

Minor                                                                       Motet

Consonance                                                           Machaut

Dissonance                                                                        Messe de Notre Dame

Textures                                                                 Josquin

Monophony                                                          Palestrina

Homophony                                                          Pope Marcellus Mass

Polyphony

Forms

Improvisation

Binary Form

Ternary Form

Tempo & Dynamics

Largo

Andante

Allegro

Vivace

Forte

Piano

Vocal ranges

Families of Instruments (brass, woodwinds, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baroque Study Guide for Music Appreciation

Baroque Period (1600 – 1750)

Composers                                                    Compositions (know composer & form)

J.S. Bach (1685-1750)                            Messiah

G.F. Handel (1685-1759)                                   Julius Caesar

C. Monteverdi                                             Dido and Aeneas

A. Vivaldi

Henry Purcell                                             The Four Seasons

Terms, Forms, and Groups                                 Orfeo

The Florentine Camerata                                   Xerxes

Monody                                                         Brandenburg Concerti

Basso Continuo                                           Samson

Figured Bass                                                            St. John Passion

Equal Temperament                                St. Matthew Passion

Opera                                                                        The Well-Tempered Clavier

Aria                                                               The Coronation of Poppea

Recitative                                                    Water Music

Libretto                                                         Music for Royal Fireworks

Overture (Sinfonia)                                              Mass in b minor

French Overture              

Italian Overture

Masque

Tragedie Lyrique

Opera buffa

Opera comique

Ballad Opera

Singspiel

Concerto

            Solo Concerto

            Concerto Grosso

                        Concertino

                        Ripieno or Tutti

Cantata

Chorale

Chorale Prelude

Ground Bass

Word Painting

Oratorio

Fugue

Castrato

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Classic Period Study Guide

Classic Period (1750 - 1825)

Sonata Cycle (20 points on the test):

Sonata-Allegro Form, Theme & Variations, Minuet & Trio, and Sonata Rondo Form

Sonata Cycle (Symphony, String Quartet, Sonata, and Concerto)

Franz Joseph ‘Papa’ Haydn

Prince Esterhazy

London Symphonies

Surprise Symphony

W. A. Mozart (1756 – 1791)

Requiem

Eine kliene Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music)

Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute)

Composed by W.A. Mozart in the last year of his life – 1791

A Singspiel that is based on a battle between good and evil, The Magic Flute is full of wonderful characters and symbolism. It takes place in Egyptian legendary times.

            Characters and Symbolism

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827)

Ode to Joy (IV from Symphony No.9)

Symphony No. 3 “Eroica” and its significance

Missa Solemnis

 

Mozart and Beethoven Biography Questions:

 

Mozart

1)   Where was Mozart born? And in what year?

2)   Leopold Mozart, W.A. Mozart’s father, composed the “Toy” Symphony. However, who was originally thought to have been the composer?

3)   Mozart was how old when he composed:

a.    His first composition, a minuet?

b.    His first symphony?

c.    His first opera?

4)   Mozart’s first symphony was described as being ‘so Mozartian,’ what does this mean?

5)   Mozart wrote all ___ violin concerti in __ months of his ___ year. Today it takes the typical violinist thirty years progress to learn to play the first and proceed to the last.

6)   Mozart wrote more than ______ compositions during his short lifetime.

7)   Did Mozart compose his works with many revisions?

8)   While visiting the city of Linz, how many days did it take Mozart to compose a fresh symphony?

9)   Mozart was the first great musical dramatist. He has been likened to ____________.

10)                 The _________ was the last composition of Mozart’s which he did not live to finish.

11)                  _____________ is today painted as Mozart’s great detractor. He even ranted late in his life about having murdered Mozart.

12)                 In which years did Mozart compose the following operas:

a.    The Marriage of Figaro

b.    Don Giovanni

c.    The Magic Flute

13)                 What year did Mozart die? Was there money for a proper burial?

 

 

 

 

Beethoven

1)   Where was Beethoven born? What year was he born?

2)   How did Beethoven’s early youth differ from that of Mozart?

3)   How old was Beethoven, when he finally was able to meet his idol, Mozart?

4)   What year did Beethoven move to Vienna?

5)   Since Mozart had passed away, which composer became Beethoven’s mentor?

6)   Why is the ‘Heiligenstadt Testament’ important? What is it?

7)   Which symphony of Beethoven’s was finished in 1803? Who was it originally dedicated to? What is the title of it today?

8)   What is the name/title of Beethoven’s sixth symphony?

9)   What is the name of Beethoven’s only opera?

10)                 The ___________ sonata is dedicated to a candidate for the Immortal Beloved.

11)                  Why did Beethoven throw himself into the bitter custody battle for his nephew?

12)                 After winning custody, Beethoven turned to the church and composed the _____________________.

13)                 Who wrote the poem, “Ode to Joy?”

14)                 What is included in the 9th symphony that had never been in any symphony before?

15)                  What year did Beethoven die?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study Guide for the Romantic Period

The symphony progression (25 points on test)

Program Music

Program symphony

Symphonic Poem (tone poem)

Incidental Music

Absolute Music

Nationalism

Lied (German Art Song)

Song cycle

Strophic Form

Through-composed Form

Romantic Opera

Bel-canto style

Verismo

Gesamtkunstwerk

Leitmotifs

Felix Mendelssohn

            A Midsummer Night’s Dream (incidental music)

Franz Schubert

            The Erl-king

Frederic Chopin

            24 Preludes; George Sand (Aurore Dudevant)

Hector Berlioz

            Idee fixe; Symphonie fantastique

The Russian “Five” or the “Mighty Handful”

Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, and

Modest Mussorgsky

            Night on Bald Mountain; Pictures at an Exhibition

Robert Schumann

            New Journal For Music; Dichterliebe

Johannes Brahms

            A German Requiem

Giuseppe Verdi (verismo)

Bellini, Donizetti, and Rossini (bel-canto)

Georges Bizet

            Carmen

Carl Maria von Weber

            Der Frieshütz

Richard Wagner (music drama)

            The Ring of the Nibelung – characters and story line; Bayreuth

Giacomo Puccini

Madame Butterfly; Turandot

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

            Swan Lake, The Nutcracker